Visa and working permits' in Israel - immigration to israel
immigration to israel and immigration law
Israel immigration policy is very strict.
If you are not Jewish (yourself, your parents or your grandparents), married to a Jew or an Israeli citizen / resident, it will be almost impossible for you to obtain an Israeli citizenship.
Israel does not have “Immigration laws” but there are three main laws that have direct influence on immigration policy in Israel;
The law of return (relevant only if you are Jewish or a son or grandson of a Jewish person).
The citizenship law.
The entry in to Israel law.
At the last 10-15 years there have been great changes at Israel government comprehension of the lack of law concerning immigration problems
At the middle of the 90's Israel ministry of interior, decided to start issuing working permit's in the field of caregivers, in order to find a solution for disable Israeli citizen that needed care 24/7 and cannot get help like that from an Israeli citizen (Whether because Israelis employees didn’t want to work 24/7 as caregivers or because the employers could not afford hiring an Israelis for so many hours).
Every year the Israeli government approved hundreds foreign workers, (mostly from Philippine but also from India, Nepal and ect') to come to Israel with a ready visa in order to take care of disable Israeli citizens which were holding a legal working permit allowing them to employ foreign caregiver.
Although Israel has a minimum wage law, these workers, most of the time were getting (and still do) less then minimum for working almost 24hr a day. The visa of the caregiver was with the employer name and he was totally depended on the employer. In many cases the employer needed 24 hour taking care, so the worker didn’t go to his/her weekly vacation.
Some employers were less fair then others, and caregivers were starting to leave employers and were looking for a new job.
Because the foreign worker came to Israel with a care giving visa, he could look for a job only as a caregiver.
For every working permit an Israeli holds, he can invite a caregiver from abroad or take a worker that is already in Israel.
The man power agencies in Israel would get much more money, as a commission, if they bring a new caregiver from abroad and did not have any incentive finding to an unsatisfied worker, in Israel, a new job and rather bring a new employee from abroad.
This situation started a snow ball.
Workers that paid about 4000$-5000$ to come and work in Israel could not find a job because the government gave more and more permeates for Israelis to hire a caregiver and more and more new foreigners came to Israel. Some of them were leaving the employer or in case that the employer passed away, they had a hard time finding a new employer.
Since 2009 the Israeli government understood the situation and made some changes in the laws for foreigner employment, allowing only a licensed men power agencies to deal with finding a job for a foreigner and allowing only a special licensed agency to take care of ordering a new foreign worker from abroad.
These new regulations helped just a little, to control the rising unemployment among the foreign caregivers.
In time, many caregivers that could not find a job as care givers, found a job as housekeeping working without a visa. Sometimes, because these foreigners were not legal, they were afraid to leave the house of the employer (because there were afraid from being arrested for being not legal) and worked 24/7 with no vacation.
Most of the caregivers that came to work in Israel are young healthy people so the unavoidable happened - they met an Israeli guy and fall in love.